The Book of Tea

  The Book of TeaThe Book of Teaby Kakuzo Okakura1The Book of TeaI. The Cup of HumanityTea began as a medicine and grew into a beverage. In China, in theeighth century, itenteredthe realmofpoetryaso
作者: 籍贯:
类型: 分类:中国文学
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  The Book of TeaThe Book of Teaby Kakuzo Okakura1The Book of TeaI. The Cup of HumanityTea began as a medicine and grew into a beverage. In China, in theeighth century, itenteredthe realmofpoetryasoneofthe politeamusements.The fifteenth century saw Japan ennoble it into a religionof aestheticism--Teaism.Teaism is a cult founded on the adoration of thebeautiful among thesordid facts of everyday existence. It inculcatespurity and harmony, the mystery of mutual charity, the romanticism of thesocial order. It is essentially a worship of the Imperfect, as it is a tenderattempt to accomplish something possible in this impossible thing weknow as life.eb7今日教育资源网
  ThePhilosophyof Tea isnot mere aestheticismintheordinaryacceptance of the term, for it expresses conjointly with ethics and religionour whole point of view about man and nature. It is hygiene, for itenforces cleanliness; it is economics, for it shows comfort in simplicityrather than in the complex and costly; it is moral geometry, inasmuch as itdefines our sense of proportion to the universe.It represents the truespirit of Eastern democracy by making all its votaries aristocrats in taste.eb7今日教育资源网
  The long isolation of Japan from the rest of the world, so conducive tointrospection, has been highly favourable to the development of Teaism.eb7今日教育资源网
  Our home and habits, costume and cuisine, porcelain, lacquer, painting--our very literature--all have been subject to its influence.No student ofJapanese culture could ever ignore its presence.It has permeated theeleganceof noble boudoirs, and entered theabode ofthe humble. Ourpeasants have learned to arrange flowers, our meanest labourer to offer hissalutation to the rocks and waters. In our common parlance we speak ofthe man "with no tea" in him, when he is insusceptible to the serio-comic interests of the personal drama. Again we stigmatise the untamedaesthete who,regardless of the mundanetragedy,runs riot inthespringtide of emancipated emotions, as one "with too much tea" in him.eb7今日教育资源网
  The outsider may indeedwonder at this seeming much ado aboutnothing. What a tempest in a tea-cup! he will say. But when we considerhow small after all the cup of human enjoyment is, how soon overflowed2The Book of Teawith tears, how easily drained to the dregs in our quenchless thirst forinfinity, we shall not blame ourselves for making so much of the tea-cup.eb7今日教育资源网
  Mankind has doneworse. Intheworship of Bacchus, wehavesacrificed too freely; and we have even transfigured the gory image ofMars.Why not consecrate ourselves to the queen of the Camelias, andrevel in the warm streamof sympathy that flows from her altar? In theliquid amber within the ivory-porcelain, the initiated may touch the sweetreticence of Confucius, the piquancy of Laotse, and the ethereal aromaof Sakyamuni himself.eb7今日教育资源网
  Those who cannot feel the littleness of great things inthemselves areapt tooverlook thegreatnessof littlethingsinothers. The averageWesterner, in his sleek complacency, will see in the tea ceremony butanother instance of the thousand and one oddities which constitute thequaintnessand childishness of the East to him.He was wont to regardJapan as barbarous while she indulged in the gentle arts of peace: hecalls her civilised since she began to commitwholesale slaughter onManchurian battlefields.Much comment has been given lately to theCode of the Samurai, --the Art of Death which makes our soldiers exult inself- sacrifice; but scarcely any attention has been drawn to Teaism, whichrepresents so much of our Art of Life. Fain would we remain barbarians,if our claim to civilisation were to be based on the gruesome glory of war.eb7今日教育资源网
  Fain would we await the time when due respect shall be paid to our art andideals.eb7今日教育资源网
  When will the West understand, or try to understand, the East? WeAsiatics are often appalled by the curious web of facts and fancies whichhas been woven concerning us. We are pictured as living on the perfumeof the lotus,ifnoton miceand cockroaches.It iseitherimpotentfanaticism or elseabject voluptuousness. Indianspirituality hasbeenderided as ignorance, Chinese sobriety as stupidity, Japanese patriotism asthe result of fatalism. It has been said that we are less sensible to painand wounds on account of thecallousness of our nervous organisation!eb7今日教育资源网
  Whynot amuse yourselves atourexpense?Asia returns thecompliment.There would be further food for merriment if you were toknowallthatwe haveimagined andwrittenabout you.All the3The Book of Teaglamour of the perspective is there, all the unconscious homage of wonder,all the silent resentment ofthe new and undefined.You have beenloaded with virtues too refined to be envied, and accused of crimes toopicturesque to be condemned.Our writers in the past--the wise men whoknew--informed us that you had bushy tails somewhere hidden in yourgarments, and often dined off a fricassee of newborn babes!Nay, we hadsomething worse against you: we used to think you the most impracticablepeople on the earth, for you were said to preach what you never practiced.

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